TOP 10 Monumental Chinese Architectures Prove Power and Creativity

TOP 10 Monumental Chinese Architectures Prove Power and Creativity


Chinese architecture is a part of the symbol of the world civilization. China is also one of the countries with the oldest ancient civilizations in the world. Here are the top 10 massive architectural works that prove the strength and creativity of China.

1The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is the second most popular wonder of the world. It is not only a source of pride for China, but also an architectural marvel that is admired by people all over the world.

The Great Wall of China is estimated to be 21,196.180 meters long. It passes through seven major regions and spans 15 provinces and autonomous regions of China. The main building materials are earth and stone.

  • The first wall of the Great Wall of China was built around 208 BC. It was made of rammed earth and was connected to many sections of the walls from the Warring States period.
  • The second wall was built during the Han Dynasty, the Sui Dynasty, and the Ten Kingdoms period. The construction method was similar to the first wall. Towers were built on the walls at intervals of a few miles.
The sheer scale of the Great Wall of China is impossible to describe in words.

2Forbidden City

The Forbidden City is a treasure of immeasurable historical value. It is a historical architectural monument that witnessed the golden age of the country. Not only that, the Forbidden City also has a great value in terms of customs and traditions for the Chinese people. It is also considered a work of art with high value with elegant and meticulous carvings.

The Forbidden City consists of four corners of the city corresponding to four towers. These towers are designed with complex architectural and roof styles. The four sides of the city wall include four main gates that lead to the outside of the city, they are: Ngọ môn in the south, Thần Vũ môn in the north, Đông Hoa môn in the east and finally Tây Hoa môn in the west.

The Forbidden City is majestic and magnificent to this day.

3Tiananmen Square

The Tiananmen Square is a beautiful architectural masterpiece with a long and glorious history. It is made even more colorful by the Statue of Democracy, which faces Mao Zedong’s image. In the center of the square is an impressive and solemn stele commemorating the people’s heroes and Mao Zedong.

  • Along the west side is the vast Great Hall of the People. This building was built in 1959 and is where important national congresses are held.
  • Along the east side of the square is the China Museum. The museum was founded in 2003 and is a merger of the Chinese mainland’s History Museum and the Chinese mainland’s Revolution Museum.
The square attracts a large number of visitors due to its unique architecture.

4Summer Palace

The Summer Palace is known as a summer palace located in the northwestern suburbs of Beijing. It is the most unique and well-preserved imperial garden in China.

The Summer Palace is divided into three main areas: the administrative area, the recreation area, and the scenic area. The total area is 2.940 million square meters.

The harmonious combination of architecture and nature in the Summer Palace

5Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor

Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor is one of the greatest archaeological discoveries in the world. It was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. The discovery of the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor has had a profound impact on Chinese society and culture, and has given the world a glimpse into the life and times of one of the most powerful and prosperous dynasties in Chinese history.

The mausoleum has a pyramid-shaped architecture with a rectangular base. The specific dimensions of the structure are as follows: the north-south facing side is 350 meters long, the east-west facing side is 345 meters wide, and the height of the Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum is 76 meters.

The tomb of a famous king cannot be as ordinary as you might think.

6Pingyao Ancient City

Pingyao Ancient City is a perfectly preserved work of architecture that reflects the development of Chinese culture, society, economy, and religion over time. The city walls, streets, temples, and other buildings are all in excellent condition, and they provide a glimpse into the traditional Chinese culture that has been passed down for thousands of years.

Nét kiến trúc không lẫn vào đâu của Thành cổ Bình Dao

7Temple of Heaven

The Temple of Heaven is one of the most important buildings in the history of Chinese architecture. It is also a precious heritage of world architectural art. It is the place where the emperors of the feudal dynasties conducted rituals to pray for good weather and peace for the country.

The central axis of the inner court of the Temple of Heaven includes The Circular Mound Altar, the Imperial Vault of Heaven, and the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests. The Circular Mound Altar is a circular stone platform with three tiers, each with a stone balustrade. The circular plan of the Circular Mound Altar represents the center and is where the emperors stood to perform the Heaven Worship Ceremony.

The Temple of Heaven was the place where the emperors of the Chinese feudal dynasties conducted rituals

8Shanghai Tower

Shanghai Tower is the tallest building in China. It is 632 meters (2,073 feet) tall and has 128 floors. The tower has a total floor area of 380,000 square meters (4,090,000 square feet). The tower is designed in a modern and unique style, with a spiral shape that can withstand strong winds.

In addition, the tower’s railing system is also designed in a spiral shape to absorb the maximum amount of heat, helping to regulate the air and contribute to the heating of the entire building. If you look down from above, you will see clearly that the Shanghai Tower has 9 stacked cylindrical shapes and all the outer surfaces are covered with elegant glass while still ensuring safety.

Skyscrapers – The pride of the Chinese people

9Galaxy Soho

Galaxy Soho is a major commercial center in China, a combination of five different buildings. The five blocks are connected by bridges with a flexible design and capture the attention of the opposite. The entire surface of the five blocks is covered by an aluminum shell to form a jointless rotating structure, which is really harmonious and impressive.

If you look at Galaxy Soho from a distance, it looks like giant spirals located in the heart of the bustling capital of Beijing. No matter where you stand, any corner of Galaxy Soho is transformed into a magical scene by the beautiful natural light and the ethereal beauty of the entire building.

Hình ảnh Galaxy soho về đêm với ánh đèn thật lung linh làm sao

10Shanghai World Financial Center

Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC) is the world’s tallest building with a roof top, reaching 492 meters. It also has the world’s highest observation deck. The structure of the building includes: floors 1 and 2 are for commercial activities; from floors 3 to 5 are for the conference center; from floors 7 to 77 are for office activities; floors 79 to 93 are for the Park Hyatt Shanghai hotel and finally from floors 94 to 100 are for tourists who want to enjoy the entire Shanghai landscape.

A classic structure – a symbol of China’s strength

Here are the top 10 massive architectural structures that demonstrate the strength and creativity of China from the feudal era to the present day. These structures bear the imprint of time, the length of history, as well as the unique cultural features of the country with a population of one billion.

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